Research Report on PCB Industry of China
Order ID: CDC-R-2002-014
ISBN: 2001 Version
Publisher: All China Marketing Research Co., Ltd.
Publication Date: 6/1/2001 12:00:00 AM
Format: Paper Copy
Price: $800 (for academic users)
Printed circuit is a conductive pattern with printed components or printed wiring or the combination of the two made on base materials according to specific design. It is also a term used to describe various printed boards. Printed circuit board is a kind of printed board with point links and printed components formed on base materials according to specific design; printed board assembly refers to the assembling of electronic components on printed boards. Printed wiring, however, is a conductive pattern with point links instead of printed components on shared base materials; the difference between printed circuit and printed wiring is that there are printed components in the former while it is not the case with the latter. As the development of the technology of printed components and the specialization of electronics industry as well as the growing demand of high-speed printed board, there will be more enterprises that not only manufacture printed wiring, but also produce printed circuit, and some of them may even engage in the trade of printed board assembly.
Printed boards are often classified according to different usage, different base materials and structures:
1. Different usage
Printed boards for civil use (consumer commodities)------- printed boards in TV?printed boards in acoustics?printed boards in electronic toys? printed boards in cameras;
Printed boards for industrial use(equipment)------ printed boards in computers?printed boards in communicators?printed boards in apparatus and instruments.
Printed boards for military use ------ printed boards used in space navigation.
2. Different base materials
Paper base printed boards -------phenolic aldehyde paper base printed boards?epoxy paper base printed boards.
Glass cloth base printed boards --------epoxy glass cloth base printed boards?PTFE glass cloth base printed boards.
Synthetic fiber printed boards --------epoxy synthetic fiber printed boards.
Organic film base printed boards -------nylon film printed boards.
Ceramic base printed boards
Metal core printed boards
3. Different structures
Rigid printed boards -------one-sided boards
two-sided boards-------two-sided boards with nonmetallic bores?two-sided boards with metallic bores?silver penetrating two-sided boards.
multi-layer boards--------fore-layer boards?twelve-layer boards
Flexible printed boards --- ---one-sided boards
Printed boards with a combination of rigidity and flexibility
And some printed boards are classified according to different base materials and different structures at the same time. For instance, one-sided phenolic aldehyde paper base printed boards and multi-layer polyamide printed boards fall into this category.
The main function of printed boards is to support and interconnect the electronic components, and some can serve to dissipate heat and shield. Therefore, base materials, wires, and wire layers are different in different printed boards made according to specific requirements (including costs, the requirements for electronic components assembly).
Though printed boards share something in common in terms of some basic manufacturing procedure, different technology and equipment used in the process should be determined on the basis of the thickness and quality of the base material, the width of the wire on printed boards, the width between wires and its accuracy, the structure of the printed boards, the manufacturing scale, the assembly techniques and other specific requirements made by customers, and the special techniques used in manufacturing as well. Meanwhile, since the technology and equipment used in printed boards manufacturing develop rather quickly, it is necessary for the enterprises to add and update their techniques and equipment annually. As a matter of fact, there is a big gap among enterprises with different scale of different grade when speaking of their investment in annual technology innovation. The investment of some top manufacturers amounts to over USD 20 million, and that of some even reach USD50 million. The reasons why it is said that the printed boards industry is a technology-intensive and capital-intensive industry with a rapid innovation of techniques and equipment are as follows. Firstly, many subjects are involved in it, for instance, chemistry, electrochemistry, optics, automatic control, intensive processing, electronic technology, computer technology and so on. Secondly, many techniques are involved in it, for instance, computer aided design and manufacturing, optical image transfer, bore metallization, copper plating and tin (lead) plating, acid and alkaline etching, nickel plating and\or gold plating, hot-air smoothing, liquid optical image, multi-layer lamination and localizing between layers, make-break and optical testing and so on. Thirdly, there are many procedures. Thirty or forty procedures are needed in the manufacturing of multi-layer boards, and often there are more than ten sub procedures under some of them, so if one procedure fails, though it may only affect one of the boards, the whole fails. Fourthly, many automatic equipment and systems with high accuracy are used, for instance, laser plotters, numerical control rigs, laminating machines, automatic electroplating wires, automatic optical testing systems, multi-layer locating systems and so on. Fifthly, many materials are needed. About one or two hundred kinds of materials are used in the manufacturing of multi-layer boards, for instance, dry film, copper covered boards, binders, chemical addictives, special-purpose adhesive tapes, stop-off agent, flux, and so on. Sixthly, cleanness and appropriate temperature are crucial in the manufacturing process, and pollution needs to be controlled.
The manufacturing of printed circuit used to be attached to the production of commodities and equipment, but as the development of the techniques used in the process and the growth of the investment and production scale, enterprises specially engaging in the trade of printed circuit appear. And, based on the development of base materials and equipment, it became a special industry of electronic components. It is regarded as special because the manufacturing of printed circuit is totally customized, that is, products will be made according to specific designs, characteristics, and quantity and will be offered to customers on scheduled time. The manufacturing and management of printed circuit should be controlled since a variety of materials with a short storage life will be used and many procedures are involved in it. Apart from that, it is necessary to keep in touch with customers, so it is also an industry characterized by strict management.
The industry of printed circuit is the most active one among the industry of electronic components. The increasing rate of global production value of electronic components during 1996 and 2000 was 3.7%, which was much lower than that of the industry of electronics. The share of electronic components shrinks. While the production value of printed circuit was USD28.32 billion in 1996, and USD36.84 billion in 2000, and the increasing rate was 6.8%. The share of printed circuit in the production value of the industry of electronic components increased from 24.0% in 1996 to 27.2%in 2000, and it became the backbone of the industry. Because of the improvement of integrate circuit, less electronic components are used and the price is falling. That is why the increasing rate of the output and production value of electronic components may be lower than that of chassis, which also explains its shrinking in the industry of electronics. The space taken up by printed circuit becomes smaller with the adjustment of chassis structures, however, more accuracy and complexity are needed, and so it actually accounts for a larger proportion in the cost than before.
Table of Contents:
1. The Situation of the Printed Circuit Industry
1.1. The General Situation
1.1.1. The History and the Scale
1.1.2. The Developing Speed
1.1.3. The Industrial Structure
1.1.4. The Ownership Composition
1.1.5. Regional Distribution
1.1.6. The Focuses
1.1.7. An analysis of the enterprises' operation and profit gaining
1.2. The situation of joint ventures, cooperative enterprises, and foreign-funded enterprises
1.2.1. The Development Scale
1.2.2. The Development Speed
1.2.3. The Scale of Enterprises
1.2.4. The Operation Situation
2. Overview of Market
2.1. The Market Scale
2.2. The Market Structure
2.3. Sales Channels
2.4. Marketing Strategies
3. Import and Export
4. Overview of Major Manufacturers
5. Raw Materials
5.2. The Structure of Supply
5.3. Major Manufacturers
6. Industry Policies
7.1. The Characteristics of the Industry
7.2. Differences and the Bottleneck
7.3. Improving Measures
Table 1 Statistics of the output value increase of printed circuit during 1995~2000
Table 2 Statistics of the output increase of printed circuit during 1995~2000
Table 3 Output classification and composition ratio of printed circuit
Table 4 Output classification and composition ratio of printed circuit
Table 5 Output value statistics of enterprises of different ownerships in 2000
Table 6 Output statistics of enterprises of different ownerships in 2000
Table 7 The ownership composition during 1997~2000
Table 8 The distribution of printed circuit manufacturers
Table 9 The top ten enterprises in terms of sales income
Table 10 The top fifteen enterprises in terms of one-sided boards output
Table 11 The top fifteen enterprises in terms of two-sided boards output
Table 12 The top fifteen enterprises in terms of multi-layer boards output
Table 13 The output of printed boards during 1998~2000
Table 14 The places of different enterprises in terms of output in 2000( their respective annual output
exceeds 100 thousand square meters)
Table 15 The development of joint ventures, cooperative enterprises, and foreign-funded enterprises during
Table 16 The increase of output value of joint ventures, cooperative enterprises, and foreign-funded
Table 17 The increase of the output of joint ventures, cooperative enterprises, and foreign-funded
Table 18 The major manufactories from Taiwan invested in the inner land
Table 19 The global market of PCB
Table 20 The market scale of printed circuit boards in China
Table 21 The orientation of enterprises dealing in printed circuit boards in 1999 (proportion of the output%) Table 22 The composition ratio of the application of different printed boards
Table 23 The composition ratio of the application of printed circuit boards
Table 24 The composition ratio of printed boards produced by Taiwanese invested enterprises in the inner
Table 25 Import of printed boards during 1995~2000
Table 26 Export of printed board during 1995~2000
Table 27 Trade of printed boards(favorable balance and adverse balance)
Table 28 Distribution of China's Printed Board Material Enterprises
Table 29 The Growth of Copper-covered Boards
Table 30 The sources of the materials of printed boards factories
Table 31 The Production Scale of China's Printed Boards (Production Volume)
Table 32 The Production Value of China's Printed Circuit
Figure 1 Statistics of the output value increase of printed circuit during 1995~2000
Figure 2 Statistics of the output increase of printed circuit during 1995~2000
Figure 3 A comparison of output and output value of various kinds of print circuit in 2000
Figure 4 A comparison of output value composition among enterprises of different ownerships in
Figure 5 A comparison of output composition among enterprises of different ownerships in 2000
Figure 6 The quantity composition of enterprises of different ownerships in 2000
Figure 7 Change of the import value during the ninth five-year planning period
Figure 8 Change of the export value during the ninth five-year planning period